Similarly, arriver lheure pointe, another seemingly likely candidate, actually means to arrive at the peak hour the high point of traffic. In fact, the French expression for arriving on the dot is arriver pilepile 5 being the term for the reverse side of a coin. Compare sarrter pile to stop short, stop on the spotto the American English expression to stop on a dime.
Tempting as it might be to relate this in turn to on the money, the latter, according to Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, appears to refer to money placed as a bet against a cer- tain, previously stated outcome p. On the button, on the other hand, alludes to striking the point of the chin with a fist; a precise blow of this sort will stun a boxing opponent through transmission of the shock up either side of the jaw to the brain-case just below the ears. The French word for the obverse of a coin is face; thus English to flip for heads or tails equals French jouer pile ou face literally, to play at tail or head.
Face for heads is straightforward enough, since the whole point of showing a head on a coin is that the face, whether that of divinity, sovereign, or famous citizen, should be rec- ognizable. But coins of the Persian empire under Darius Hystapis, two centuries earlier, had shown at least an idealized image of the Great King on their obverse.
Multi-Colored Dots and Auras - Seers See Ministries
Called darics after him, they were to the Persian realms what the high-grade drachmas of Aegina were to the Greeks: renowned for their fineness, passing current for the settlement of financial obligations both public and private. Dariuss conquest of Croesus and his gold-rich kingdom of Lydia in Asia Minor undoubtedly helped supply the necessary bullion for exten- sive minting of darics, which were still in wide circulation when the upstart prince Cyrus used them to pay Xenophon and 10, other Greek mercenaries at the beginning of the 4th century b.
In its sense of reverse side of a coin, pile comes from Latin pla pillar, column and subsequently came by extension to mean the particular sort of pillar on which was fixed the die incised with the pattern for the back of a coin, against which the precious-metal blank was laid and struck from above with a second die called in French the trousseautrussell or tursall in English bearing the face design.
English coin itself comes from Old French coin, die for stamping coins, from Latin cuneus, wedge. Another meaning of Latin pla is mortar, also surviving into French as pile but with the meaning stamping trough in which a slurry of fibers is pressed into paper. It is not clear whether the two Latin pla words have anything to do with each other etymologically, but, for what its worth, the French word for pestle is pilon, derived from pla in its pillar sense; pestle itself comes from Latin pistillum, whose root means pound, beatwhence Latin pistor, which first meant miller and later baker.
The heads side of the coin has not always borne a face: In medi- eval and Renaissance Europe, it often bore a cross instead; thus the. The monetary unit in Portuguese-speaking Brazil was formerly the cruzeiro, likewise derived from Latin crux, cross. For heads or tails the Dutch still say kruis of munt cross or mint even though the face side now bears the head of the reigning monarch; munt is related to Latin moneta source of English mint and money and indicated that the denomination of the coin is stamped on the back compare German Kopf oder Zahlhead or number or Turkish yazi mi tura miwriting or face.
Other nations coins had a cross on the reverse, which gave Spanish its cara o cruz face or cross and Italian its testa o croce head or cross. Other designs for the reverse of coins included a castle Argentine Spanish says cara y castillo, though their word for reverse side of a coin is sello, seal; compare Colombias cara y sello for heads and tails or a shield Cubas cara o escudo ; the escudo remains the currency unit in Portugal and Cape 7 Verde.
When casting about for a name for what ultimately became the Euro, the community missed a golden opportunity for a fiduciary pun in overlooking ecuold French both for shield and for the now-obsolete gold coin bearing one, but also a handy acronym for European currency unit. Coin-flipping is probably as old as coins itself, and is attested in writers of antiquity; thus the Saturnalia of Macrobius, written about c. The obverse bore the head of two-faced Janus, god of beginnings; according to Ovids calendar-poem Fasti, written four centuries ear- lier. Such coins were often given out by way of good-luck wishes on the first day of January.
The Romans were strong on divination, as were their Etruscan neighbors to the north. Two types of diviners whose specialty in read- ing portents was encoded in Romes civic religion were the augur, who. Read Free For 30 Days. Flag for inappropriate content.
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Peush Garg. Popular in Standard Time. Allison Bowler. Brian Trevisa. Radu Cosmin Tudor. Piney Martin. Oana Pascal. Mary Emalaine Serrano. Grace Chandler. Kumuda Sahu. At 4 billion miles 6. The image inspired Sagan to write this famous passage in his book "Pale Blue Dot. That's here. That's home. That's us.
On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives," he wrote. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves. Of course, not all of us get to have this literally world-shifting change in our mindset at hundreds of miles up. But there are scientists who want to give us the closest thing. In May , 22 experts in science, technology, and art founded the Overview Institute with the mission to "educate both the space community and the general public on the nature and psychosocial impact of the space experience.
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